Tenses with Active Voice and Passive Voice

Present Indefinite Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + V1(s/es) + Object.  

Negative:                                 Subject + do not/does not + V1 +Object.

Interrogative:                         Do/ Does +Subject +V1+Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         Do/ Does +Subject +not+V1+Object?

Note:

  1. If there is He, She, It, or Singular Subject in the start of a sentence then we shall add s/es with the verb and does not in negative sentences, and Does in the start of the sentence if the sentence is interrogative.            
  2.  If there is I, You, They, We, or Plural Subject in the start of a sentence then we shall not add s/es with the verb and do not in negative and Do in the start of the sentence if the sentence is interrogative.

Example:

(Singular Subject)                                                (Plural Subject)

He punishes the thief.                               They punish the thief.

He does not punish the thief.                    They do not punish the thief.

Does he punish the thief?                         Do they punish the thief?

Does he not punish the thief?                   Do they not punish the thief?

Present Indefinite Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + Is/Am/Are (H.V) + V3+by + Subject.

Negative:                                 Object + Is/Am/Are (H.V) + not + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Is/Am/Are (H.V) + Object + V3+by + Subject?

Negative/Interrogative:         Is/Am/Are (H.V) + Object + not + V3+by + Subject?

Example:

The thief is punished by him.

The thief is not punished by him.

Is the thief punished by him?

Is the thief not punished by him?

Past Indefinite Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + V2 + Object.

Negative:                                 Subject + did not + V1 +Object.

Interrogative:                         Did +Subject +V1+Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         Did +Subject +not+V1+Object?

Example:

He punished the thief.                             

He did not punish the thief.         

Did he punish the thief?                           

Did he not punish the thief?                    

Past Indefinite Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + was/were (H.V) + V3+by + Subject.

Negative:                                 Object + was/were (H.V) + not + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         was/were (H.V) + Object + V3+by + Subject?

Negative/Interrogative:         was/were (H.V) + Object + not + V3+by + Subject?

Example:

The thief was punished by him.

The thief was not punished by him.

Was the thief punished by him?

Was the thief not punished by him?

Future Indefinite Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object.     

Negative:                                 Subject + will/shall + not + V1 + Object.

Interrogative:                         will/shall + Subject + V1 + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         will/shall + Subject + not + V1 + Object?

Example:  

He will punish the thief.                           

He will not punish the thief.                    

Will he punish the thief?                          

Will he not punish the thief?                   

Future Indefinite Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + will/shall + be + (H.V) + V3+by + Subject.   

Negative:                                 Object + will/ shall (H.V) + not + be + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Will/ Shall (H.V) + Object + be + V3+by + Subject?

Negative/Interrogative:         Will/Shall (H.V) + Object + not + be + V3+by + Subject?

Example:

The thief will be punished by him.

The thief will not be punished by him.

Will the thief be punished by him?

Will the thief not be punished by him?

Present Continuous Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + Is/Am/Are + V1(ing) + Object.       

Negative:                                 Subject + Is/Am/Are + not + V1(ing) + Object.

Interrogative:                         Is/Am/Are + Subject + V1(ing) + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         Is/Am/Are + Subject +not + V1(ing) + Object?

Note:

He, She, It, Singular Subject = is

They, We, You, Plural Subject =are

I = am

Example:

(Singular Subject)                                               

He is punishing the thief.                         

He is not punishing the thief.                    .

Is he punishing the thief?             

 Is he not punishing the thief?     

Present Continuous Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + Is/Am/Are (H.V) + being + V3+by + Subject.           

Negative:                                 Object + Is/Am/Are (H.V) + not + being + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Is/Am/Are (H.V) + Object +being + V3+by + Subject?

Negative/Interrogative:         Is/Am/Are (H.V) + Object + not +being + V3+by + Subject?

Example:

The thief is being punished by him.

The thief is not being punished by him.

Is the thief being punished by him?

Is the thief not being punished by him?

Past Continuous Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + was/were + V1(ing) + Object.        

Negative:                                 Subject + was/were + not + V1(ing) + Object.

Interrogative:                         Was/Were + Subject + V1(ing) + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         Was/Were + Subject +not + V1(ing) + Object?

Note:

I, He, She, It, Singular Subject = was

They, We, You, Plural Subject =were

Example:

(Singular Subject)                                               

He was punishing the thief.                                 

He was not punishing the thief.                .

      Was he punishing the thief?                    

Was he not punishing the thief?  

Past Continuous Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + was/were (H.V) + being + V3+by + Subject.

Negative:                                 Object + was/were (H.V) + not + being + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Was/Were (H.V) + Object +being + V3+by + Subject?

Negative/Interrogative:         Was/Were (H.V) + Object + not +being + V3+by + Subject?

Example:

The thief was being punished by him.

The thief was not being punished by him.

Was the thief being punished by him?

Was the thief not being punished by him?

Future Continuous Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + will/shall + be + V1(ing) + Object. 

Negative:                                 Subject + will/shall + not + be + V1(ing) + Object.    

Interrogative:                         will/shall + Subject + be + V1(ing) + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         will/shall + Subject + not + be + V1(ing) + Object?

Example:  

He will be punishing the thief.                             

He will not be punishing the thief.                      

Will he be punishing the thief?

Will he not be punishing the thief?                     

Note: Future Continuous Tense doesn’t have Passive Voice form.

Present Perfect Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + has/have + V3 + Object.     

Negative:                                 Subject + has/have + not +V3 + Object.

Interrogative:                         Has/Have + Subject + V3 + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         Has/Have + Subject + not + V3 + Object?

Example:

(Singular Subject)                                               

He has punished the thief.                                   

He has not punished the thief.                 

Has he punished the thief?                                  

Has he not punished the thief?                

Note:

 He, She, It, Singular Subject = Has

 I, They, We, You, Plural Subject = have

Present Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + has/have (H.V) + been + V3+by + Subject.  

Negative:                                 Object + has/have (H.V) + not + been + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Has/Have (H.V) + Object + been + V3+by + Subject.

Negative/Interrogative:         Has/Have (H.V) + Object + not+ been + V3+by + Subject.

Example:

The thief has been punished by him.

The thief has not been punished by him.

Has the thief been punished by him?

Has the thief not been punished by him?

Past Perfect Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + had + V3 + Object. 

Negative:                                 Subject + had + not +V3 + Object.

Interrogative:                          Had + Subject + V3 + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         Had + Subject + not + V3 + Object?

Example:

(Singular Subject)                                               

He had punished the thief.                                  

He had not punished the thief.                

Had he punished the thief?                                  

Had he not punished the thief?               

Past Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + had been (H.V) + V3+by + Subject. 

Negative:                                 Object + had (H.V) + not + been + V3+by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Had (H.V) + Object + been + V3+by + Subject.

Negative/Interrogative:         Had (H.V) + Object + not + been + V3+ by + Subject.

Example:

The thief had been punished by him.

The thief had not been punished by him.

Had the thief been punished by him?

Had the thief not been punished by him?

Future Perfect Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                             Subject + will/shall + have + V3 + Object.     

Negative:                                 Subject + will/shall + not + have + V3 + Object.

Interrogative:                          will/shall + Subject + have + V3 + Object?

Negative/Interrogative:         will/shall + Subject +not + have + V3 + Object?

Example:

He will have punished the thief.                          

He will not have punished the thief.                    

Will he have punished the thief?                         

Will he not have punished the thief?                   

Future Perfect Tense (Passive Voice)

Affirmative:                             Object + will/shall + have been (H.V) + V3+by + Subject.     

Negative:                                 Object + will/shall + not+ have been (H.V) + V3 + by + Subject.

Interrogative:                         Will/Shall (H.V) + Object +have been + V3+by + Subject.

Negative/Interrogative:         Will/Shall (H.V) + Object + not +have been + V3+ by + Subject.

Example:

The thief will have been punished by him.

The thief will not have been punished by him.

Will the thief have been punished by him?

Will the thief not have been punished by him?

Present Perfect Continuous Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                 Subject + has/have+ been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time. 

Negative:                     Subject + has/have +not + been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time.

Interrogative:             Has/Have+ Subject + been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time?

Negative/Interrogative:  Has/Have + Subject + not +been +V1(ing) + Object + since/ for + Time?

Example:

He has been punishing the thief for two hours.              

He has not been punishing the thief for two hours.                                

Has he been punishing the thief for two hours?                                     

Has he not been punishing the thief for two hours?       

Past Perfect Continuous Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                 Subject + had been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time.

Negative:                     Subject + had +not + been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time.

Interrogative:             Had+ Subject + been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time?

Negative/Interrogative:  Had + Subject + not +been +V1(ing) + Object + since/ for + Time?

Example:

He had been punishing the thief for two hours.              

He had not been punishing the thief for two hours.                               

Had he been punishing the thief for two hours?                                     

Had he not been punishing the thief for two hours?

Future Perfect Continuous Tense (Active Voice)

Affirmative:                 Subject + will/ shall +have been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time.    

Negative:                     Subject + will/shall +have +not + been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time.

Interrogative:             Will/Shall + Subject + have been + V1(ing) + Object + since / for + Time?

Negative/Interrogative:  Will/Shall + Subject + not +have+ been +V1(ing) + Object + since/ for + Time?

Example:

He will have been punishing the thief for two hours.                 

He will not have been punishing the thief for two hours.                                   

Will he have been punishing the thief for two hours?                                        

Will he not have been punishing the thief for two hours?

Note: All perfect continuous tenses don’t have passive voice.

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