Biography of John Keats, A Romantic English Poet

John Keats

Born in London, England on October 31, 1795, John Keats was an English Romantic poet.

His sensual and lyrical poetry, which addresses themes of beauty, nature, love, and mortality, is well known. Keats was the eldest of Thomas and Frances Keats’s four children, although the family struggled financially after his father passed away when he was just eight years old.


Keats attended the Clarke School in Enfield, where he was able to acquire a quality education despite his financial struggles. Following the demise of his guardian’s business and the death of his mother in 1810, Keats commenced his studies as a surgeon-apothecary at Guy’s Hospital in London. But his love of poetry and literature quickly convinced him to give up his medical job and devote himself to writing full-time.


Keats’s first poem, “O Solitude,” appeared in Leigh Hunt’s Examiner in 1816, marking the beginning of his formal poetry career. He was soon linked to other Romantic writers like Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley. Early pieces by Keats, like as “Endymion” (1818), were met with varying responses; reviewers were especially critical of the work’s ostentatious manner and seeming immaturity.


Nevertheless, Keats persisted in honing his art, and his literary powers had much advanced by the time he published his book “Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems” in 1820. Some of his most well-known pieces, including “Ode to a Nightingale,” “Ode on a Grecian Urn,” and “Ode on Melancholy,” which are today regarded as some of the best poems in the collection, were included in this book.


Keats experienced sorrow and disease in his personal life despite his rising popularity as a poet. Several acquaintances and family members passed away throughout his lifetime, including his brother Tom, who passed away from TB in 1818. In 1819, Keats himself started exhibiting signs of consumption, the term for TB at the time. He kept up his prolific writing notwithstanding the course of his sickness.


Keats traveled to Italy in 1820 in the hopes that the country’s milder temperature would help him with his ailments. Nevertheless, his condition worsened, and on February 23, 1821, he passed away in Rome at the age of 25. John Keats made a lasting impression on English literature despite having a brief life and career, and his poetry is still praised for its English Books.

Poems of John Keats

John Keats, as a Romantic Poet, wrote innumerable poems during his splendid career. Here, some of the most famous and excellent pieces of work are as under;

“Ode to a Nightingale”

“Ode on a Grecian Urn”

“Ode on Melancholy”

“To Autumn”

“Endymion”

“La Belle Dame sans Merci”

“Bright Star”

Major Themes of John Keats’ Poetry

There are some of the prominent themes in Keats’ poetry which are as under;

  1. Nature
  2. Beauty
  3. Transience and Mortality
  4. Imagination and Creativity
  5. Sensuality and Sensuous Experience
  6. Love and Desire
  7. Escapism and Idealism

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