Rules for Correct Form of Verbs in English Grammar

Rules correct form of Verb

فعل حال مطلق

Present Indefinite Tense

Its Use                                                                                                                                  کہاں استعمال ہوگا۔                   

( Frequently, Generally , Usually Occasionally, Daily, Everyday, Often, Sometime, Off and Onعموماً الفاظ کی موجودگی واضح طو ر پر اس Tense کا پتہ دے گی۔

عالمگیر سچائی کےلئے                                                                                                                               1.Universal Truth

  1. The sun shines by day and the moon by light.
  2. Heat expands, Cold contracts.                 
  3. The sun rises in the east.
  4. First stroke is half battle.
  5. The earth moves round the sun.
  6.  Soul is immortal.

2. Habit or Custom                                                                                                 کسی عادت کو ظاہر کرنے کیلئے

1. He takes exercise daily.                                                 2. Imran reads at night.

3. My watch keeps good time.                                                          4. Latif keeps his promise.

5. Fishes swim, ships sail.                                                  6. He smokes too much.

3. What is Passing at present                                                                             جوکچھ بھی حال میں ہو رہا ہو۔

1. I write a book.                                                                     2. I understand what you say.

3. The door is open, no one has shut it.         4. He hates me but I love him.

4. Proverb/Quotation                                                                                          حکایت یا روایت کے لئے             

1. Shakespeare says, “Life is a tail told by an idiot.”

2.Keats says, “ Beauty is truth, truth beauty”.

5. The Future                                                                                                            مستقبل کو ظاہر کرنے کےلئے

1. Her marriage comes off next Monday.    2. He reaches this evening.

3. He comes in few days time.                                          4. When do you depart for Lahore?

5. If you go to party , mention me to Sara.   6. The school breaks up today’s week.

6. The Present                                                                                          ماضی کے کسی واقع کو حال میں بیان کرنا

1. Alexander invades India and defeats Porus.

2. Mehmood attacks Somant for seventeen times

3. Babar now leads his men through the Khyber pass and enters the plains of India.

                                                                        بعض اوقات کسی کہانی کی سمری کرتے ہوئے عموماً جدید ناولز کا انداز

Hamlet, the young prince of Denmark, astonishes at the demoralized socity in which he exists. He shuns evil doors severely.

  • In Exclamatory Sentences                                                                                          تعجب والےفقرات
  • Here comes the bird!      2. There goes our train!                                3.Here they are!

فعل حال مکمل

Present Perfect Tense

  1. Its Use                                                                                                                                  کہاں استعمال ہوگا۔

  Tense (Already, just, as yet, Lately)

جیسے الفاظ کی موجودگی میں استعمال ہوتا ہے۔ کوئی کام جو فوراً ہوا ہو۔

1.The dhobi has ironed the clothes.                       2. He has solved the sum.

3. I have lost my pen.                                                    4. He has unlocked the door.

5. The watch was working all right a moment ago, but now it has stopped.                                                                                         ایسے کام کےلئے جو ماضی میں شروع ہوا ہو مگر فعل حال کو بھی ظاہر کرے۔

1. I have never met your sister as yet.                                                    (یعنی ابھی تک)

2.  I have studied all the documents in this case.              (یعنی مکمل طورپر آگاہ ہونا)

3. We have bought our yearly stock of coal.      (یعنی سردی کےلئے مکمل تیاری ہے۔)

4. The post has just come.                           ایسا کام جو ماضی میں شروع ہوا ہو مگر اثرات ابھی تک باقی ہوں۔

5. I have passed the B.A examination.  ایسا مکمل کام کہ جس کے ہونے کے متعلق وقت معین نہ ہو۔

6. I have seen this film before.

ایسے کام کے لئے جو شروع تو ماضی میں ہوا ہو مگر ابھی تک جاری ہے اور مستقبل میں بھی شاید جاری رہے۔

  1. My brother has lived here since 1994.                                                 (یعنی ابھی تک)
  2. I have not visited him for ten years.
  3. I have taught this class for ten years.
  4. He has been here since two O’clock.
  5. They have not visited us since Ali went to England.
  6. I have already explained that.                    کے ساتھ بھی استعمال ہوتا ہے۔Already

مستقبل قریب کو ظاہر کرنے کےلئے

  1. I shall return the book after I have gone through it.
  2. I shall let you know after I have seen the principal.
  3. After I have saved two lacs, I shall buy a car.

کے ساتھ استعمال ہوتا ہے۔(Adverbs of Frequency)

1.He has often/never/always done that.

2. Have you ever heard of such a thing?

                                                                                                اور بعض اوقات ان الفاظ کے ساتھ بھی یہ زمانہ استعمال ہوتا ہے۔

Note: Today , This/month/year/, Upto now, Upto the present, So far. Not yet, Lately.

فعل ماضی جاری

Past Continuous Tense

  1. Its Use                                                                                                  کہاں استعمال ہوگا۔

ایسا کام جو ماضی میں ہوتا رہا ہو۔(i)

  1. I was running to the station, I met Ali, he was driving home.
  2. I was playing tennis all this afternoon what were you doing?

۔ماضی میں نتیجتاً حالت اور عمل کے نتیجے میں وقت کو ظاہر کرنے کےلئے استعمال ہوگا۔ مثلاً(iii)

  1. I had lost my pen and I was unable to do exercise.
  2. Had he unlocked the door, There was nothing to prevent you from doing this.

۔ ماضی میں کسی کام کے دورانیہ کو کسی وقت تک کے لئے۔(iv)

  1. By the time, I left the school I had taught that class ten years.

میں فعل ماضی مکمل کا استعمال Indirect Speech۔ (v)

  1. He said, “I have written her a letter.”
  2. He said that he had written her a letter.

۔ شرطیہ زمانےکو ظاہر کرنے کےلئے(vi)

  1. If I had known that you wanted the book, I would have sent it.
  2. If you had gone to see him, he would not have died.
  3. If you had treated Munnu with love, he would not have broken you things.
  4. If only I had known that you wanted to achieve her.

ایسے امدادی افعال کے جن سے ماضی میں خواہش ، توقع اور امید کا پہلو ظاہر ہوتا ہو اور وہ تمام خواہشات، توقعات اور امیدیں جو

                                                                                                                                                        ابھی تک پوری نہ ہوئی ہوں۔

  1. Imran wishes that he had taken my advice.
  2. We had expected Umar to stay at least a week.
  3. I have hoped/meant/intended to take a good holiday this year but I was not able to get away.

گویا وغیرہ کے ساتھAs if

  1. 1.       He described the scene as vividly as he had been there.
  2. He talked so fearfully as if he had seen the ghost.

فعل ماضی مکمل جاری

  1. Its Use                                                                                                                  کہاں استعمال ہوگا۔

جب وقت کی پابندی ہو۔ اور وقت دو صورتوں ظاہر ہوگا۔

Since/ For

Since

زمانہ حال میں کسی کام کے جاری رکھنے کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔ مگر ساتھ ہی کام کی مقررہ وقت شروع ہونے کا وقت بھی دیاجائے۔ مثلاً کل کااستعما ل ہوگا۔sinceصبح سے، 4 جنوری سے، پرسوں سے، 2 بچوں سے ، یہ معینہ مدت ہوگی اور اس کےلئے         

  1. He had been living in Multan.
  2. He had been learning this poem since morning.
  3. Aslam had been telling lies since his childhood.

For

مقررہ وقت کےلئے استعمال ہوگا ۔ مثلاً وہ وقت جو گنا جاسکے۔ 15 روز سے ،4گھنٹوں سے، 8 سال سے۔ مثلاً

  1. She had been weeping for two days.
  2. I had been searching you for 20 years.

ماضی میں کام کرنے کے دورانیہ کو کسی مخصوص وقت کےلئے ۔ مثلاً

  1. When I went to the meeting, the lecturer had already been speaking for half and hour.
  2. The telephone had been ringing for three minutes before it was answered.

رپورٹنگ سپیچ میں فعل مکمل جاری کا نکشاف کرنے کےلئے۔

  1. I asked her what she had been doing since she arrived in England.
  2. Sara told me that she had been studying Zoology in Lahore.

استعمال کرنے ہیں Had beenعام فقرے میں خواہش کےلئے بھی  

مثلاً

  1. I wished that I had been there.
  2. Would that he had been friend.

فعل مستقبل مطلق

Its Use                                                                                                                                          کہاں استعمال ہوگا۔

یعنی فرسٹ پرسن کے ساتھ استعمال ہو تو آمادگی ، الووالعزمی، دھمکی ، وعدہ وغیرہ کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔I, Weجب “Will”

  1. I will mend it or end it.
  2. I will make this radio work even if I have to stay up all night.
  3. I will return good for evil.
  4. I will reach there, come what may.

2۔ وعدہ(Promise)

  1. I will help you.
  2. I will marry you.
  3. I will return it by tomorrow.
  4. I will see that you are happy.

3۔ دھمکی(Threat)

  1. I will punish you if you come late again.
  2. I will turn you out if you make a noise.
  3. I will tell your father if you abuse others.

4۔ آمادگی(Willingness)

  1. All-right; I will pay you at the rate you ask.
  2. I will take this woman to be my lawful wedded wife.
  3. We will die rather yield.

بعض اوقاتWillسیکنڈ اور تھرڈ پرسن کے ساتھ بھی استعمال ہوتا ہے اور آمادگی یا ڈٹے رہنے کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔مثلاً

  1. We have often asked Robee to come and have tea with us, but she will not.
  2. Imran will go out without coat in this bitter cold.
  3. That silly dog will chase motor cars.
  4. No one will leave the examination soon before 12 ‘o’ clock.

بعض اوقات (Will) امکان کو بھی ظاہر کرتا ہے۔

  • This girl with red shirt will be the madam of our college.

“Shall” جب فرسٹ پرسن کے ساتھ استعمال ہو تو ارادے کی مضبوطی کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔مثلاً

  1. I shall do what I like.
  2. We shall defend our Pakistan.
  3. We shall snatch Kashmir.

کبھی کبھی  بولنے والے کی خواہش کو بھی ظاہر کرتا ہے۔

  1. Shall I go?                                         2. Shall I love you?

جب “Shall” سیکنڈ پرسن(You, Your) اور تھرڈ پرسن(She, He , They, It) کے ساتھ استعمال ہو تو خواہش ، دھمکی ، وعدہ ، حکم اور فیصلے کی مضبوطی کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔ مثلاً

(خواہش بولنے والے کی)                                                                                                                               1. Shall he go?

  • If you work hard, you will have a holiday on Saturday                                (وعدہ)
  • You shall speak the truth.                                                                                                           (حکم)
  • You shall not mix with the bad boys.                   
  • You shall start tomorrow.
  • You shall be off at once.                                                                                                                              (دھمکی)
  • He shall suffer for this; he shall pay you what he owes you.
  • These people want to buy my house, but they shall not have it.(فیصلے کی مضبوطی )     
  • He shall do his duty.
  • The enemy shall not pass.

شرطیہ فقروں میں Will/Shall  دونوں لگیں گے۔

  1. If she comes to me, I will help her.
  2. If you do this, I shall punish you.

فعل مستقبل جاری

Future Continuous Tense

کہاں استعمال ہوگا۔                                                                                                    Its Use

۔ یہ مستقبل میں کسی سرگرمی کو دیئے ہوئے وقت سے پہلے شروع اور ختم ہونے کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔ مثلاً

  1. What will you be doing this time tomorrow?
  2. My friend will be writing for me, if I am late he will be wondering what has happened.

2۔ یہ مستقبل میں پہلے سے فیصلے شدہ منصوبوں کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔ مثلاً

  1. F-Nisa will be staying with us again this year.

3۔بعض اوقات یہ زمانہ سادہ  مستقبل کو بھی ظاہر کرتا ہے  جب بولنے والا اچانک کے اثر کو ظاہر کرے ۔ مثلاً

  1. I shall be meeting her this morning and will give her your message.
  2. Will you be going to Lahore next month?

فعل مستقبل مکمل

Future Perfect Tense

کہاں استعمال ہوگا؟                                                                                                                            Its Use

1۔ ایک ایسا کام جو مخصوص وقت سے پہلے مکمل ہو چکا ہو یا مستقبل میں کسی کام کو پورا ہونے کے لئے بھی استعمال ہوگا۔ مثلاً

  1. He will have gone to Multan.

2۔ یہ Tense عموماً “By” preposition اورBy the time (that) construction  کے ساتھ استعمال ہوگا ۔ مثلاً

  1. It is now 6:30 P.M, I shall have finished my word by 8 clock.
  2. The taxi will have arrived by the time you finish dressing.

3۔ مستقبل میں کسی خاص وقت کےلئے۔

  1. On December 15th , we shall have been married for 25 years.

4۔ ممکنات کےلئے

  1. It is five o clock; They will be arrived home by now.

فعل مستقبل مکمل جاری

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

کہاں استعمال ہوگا؟                                                                                                                                                    Its Use

یہ مستقبل میں کسی کام کے ہونے کے دورانیہ کو ظاہر کرتا ہے۔ مثلاً

                On April 2nd, we shall have been living in this house exactly thirty years.

  1. Ali (learn) the lesson for two hours.
  2. It (rain) since morning.
  3. You (tease) the child for one hour.
  4. The fisherman (catch) fish for the three days.
  5. The dirty boy (not bath) for several years.
  6. Since when the child (play) with the toys?
  7. Whom you (wait) for two hours?
  8. Why they (dare) to attack city since march?
  9. How you (discourage) them for three months?
  10. The gardener (not pluck) flowers since morning.

کچھ اہم باتیں:

1۔ شرطیہ فقرے

(i)۔ اگر If والے حصے میں فعل حال ہوگا تو دوسرے حصے میں فعل مستقبل ہوگا۔ مثلاً

  1. If you come, I will help you.

(ii)۔ اگر

والے حصے میں فعل ماضی مطلق ہوگا تو دوسرے حصے میں would اور پہلی فارم لگے گی۔ مثلاً

  • If You come, I would help you.

(iii)۔ اگر If والے حصے میں فعل ماضی مکمل ہوگا تو دوسرے حصے میں Would have+ 3rd Form ہوگی ۔ مثلاً

  • If you had come, I would have helped you.

2۔اگر فقرے میں پرنسپل کلاز فعل حال اور فعل مستقبل میں ہوگی تو ماتحت کلاز کسی بھی زمانے میں ہو سکتی ہے۔ مثلاً

  1. He will say that he was reading.
  2. He will say that he would be reading.

مگر ،اگر پرنسپل کلاز میں فعل ماضی ہوگا تو ماتحت کلاز میں بھی فعل ماضی لگے گا۔ مثلاً

  • He said that he was reading.

3۔ اگرپرنسپل کلاز میں فعل ماضی ہو اور ماتحت کلاز میں عالمگیر سچائی ہوتو ماتحت کلاز میں فعل حال لگے گا۔ اور اگر پرنسپل کلاز میں فعل حال یا مستقبل ہو اور ماتحت کلاز کسی مقصد کو ظاہر کے تو بھی ماتحت کا زمانہ فعل حال ہوگا۔

  1. He said that the earth revolves around the sun.
  2. I shall nurse him that he may live.

4۔ “No sooner” سے اگر فقرہ شروع ہوتو اس کے ساتھ Than لگے گا جبکہ یہ سوالیہ نوعیت کا ہوگا۔

  1. No sooner had he reached there than train started.

5۔ “With a view to”, “Cannot help” اورLook forward to کے بعد ہمیشہ ing from of verb لگے گی۔ مثلاً

  1. I cannot help liking him.
  2. We went with a view to seeing him.
  3. We are looking forward to meeting him.

6۔ Had better اور Does nothing کے ساتھ صرف پہلی فارم لگے گی۔ مثلاً

  1. He had better go there.                                  2. Nothing but novel please him.

7۔ “As though” “Asif” اور خواہش یعنی Would thatیا Wish کا اظہار ہوتوان الفاظ کے بعدwere/had been لگے گا۔ مثلاً

  1. She cried as if she had been bitten.         2. She cried as though she were beaten.

3. I wish, I had been a king.                                                 4. Would that she were a queen.

8۔ Gerund کا استعمال۔یعنی فارم کے ساتھ ing ۔مثلاً

  1. He smiled speaking.

بعض اوقات دوفعل اکٹھے آتے ہیں۔

2.I heard him singing.

3. I saw you going to school.

  • I do not like your coming here.

9۔ Causative Sentenceمثلا Make, get cause

10۔ اگر فقرہ Neither of two, None of five, Every one of six, Each of you two سے شروع ہو تو فعل ہر صورت میں واحد لگے گا۔ مثلاً

  1. Neither of you two is guilty.
  2. Every one of six has a book.

11۔ اگر وہ فاعل  Either, or Neither, nor یا صرف or سے ملے ہوئے ہوں تو ہمیشہ فعل دوسرے فاعل یا قریبی فاعل کے مطابق استعمال ہوگا۔مثلاً

  1. Neither he nor I are going to Swat.                                         غلط
  2. Neither he nor I am going to Swat.                                         درست

12۔ حکم، نصحیت ، التجا والے فقرے پہلی فارم سے شروع ہوتے ہیں۔ مثلاً

  1. Always speak the truth.
  2. Please help me.
  3. Kindly accept my excuse.

13۔ Need , make , let, would sooner, had better, would rather, see, bid, dare, need not

Must, do may ان کے ساتھ Infinitiveیعنی toنہیں لگتا۔ مثلاً

  1. You had better go.

14۔ اور کسی بھی  Gerund مثال کے طور پر  addicted to, look forward to, with a view to , cannot

Helpان کے بعد ہمیشہ  ing form of verb آئے گی۔ مثلاً

  1. He in addicted to drinking.
  2. He is fearful of failings.

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