What is Autism?

A complicated neurodevelopmental illness that impacts social interaction, communication, and behavior is autism, commonly referred to as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is characterized by a wide variety of symptoms and difficulties, the severity of which varies from person to person. Autism is referred to as a “spectrum” disorder because each individual experiences the condition differently, with some showing lesser symptoms and others experiencing more severe challenges.
It might be difficult for people with autism to participate in customary social interactions because they may have trouble interpreting and reacting to social cues. They could have trouble making eye contact, reading facial expressions, and comprehending nonverbal cues.
A lot of people with autism have trouble communicating verbally and nonverbally. Some people’s language development may be delayed, or they may never learn to speak. Others could speak in an unusual manner or

People with autism frequently engage in repetitive activities like hand flapping, rocking, or repeating particular phrases or gestures. They could also have fixations or extreme interests in certain subjects.

Numerous people with autism either have heightened or decreased sensory sensitivity. They could be overstimulated and experience sensory overload because they are sensitive to sounds, lights, textures, or other sensory stimulation. Individuals with autism frequently benefit from routines, and they may get upset if such routines are disturbed. They could have a high demand for consistency and predictability in their surroundings.

The theory of mind is the capacity to recognize that others have their own feelings, opinions, and thoughts. This idea may be challenging for those with autism to understand, which may affect their capacity for empathy and comprehension of other people’s feelings. Although autism is a lifelong illness, people with it may make substantial improvements in areas like speech, social skills, and behavior control with early intervention, therapy, and support. Although the precise etiology of autism is unknown, it is thought to be a result of both hereditary and environmental factors.

Autism may be caused by a variety of circumstances, and it frequently coexists with sensory sensitivities, physical conditions including gastrointestinal (GI) diseases, seizures, or sleep disorders, as well as psychological difficulties like anxiety, depression, and attention deficits.

Autism symptoms often manifest around the age of 2 or 3. Some related developmental impairments may manifest much sooner, and they are frequently detectable as early as 18 months. According to research, early intervention helps autistic people achieve their goals later in life.

Autism is not contagious and cannot be “cured.” As a result, efforts are concentrated on offering support, treatments, and accommodations to enable people with autism to lead satisfying lives and realize their full potential. Instead, it is a characteristic of each person’s neurological makeup.

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