Why Columbus cross the Atlantic Ocean?

Question:

What motivated Columbus to sail across the Atlantic? Was his main objective to discover a way to reach “India”? At what point did Columbus Day become a federal holiday? Who promoted the establishment of it? Why are many requesting the elimination of Columbus Day? Is it possible to connect these demonstrations to a more widespread pattern of rewriting or reimagining our “national history”? Do you support doing away with Columbus Day and all it stands for that is oppressive?

Ans:

The answer is that Italian adventurer and sailor Christopher Columbus was. He travelled from Spain to Santa Maria in 1492, sailing with the Pinta and Niña ships across the Atlantic. His goal in travelling across the Atlantic was to locate a different path to India.
Europeans were keen to discover naval routes to the Far East in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. Columbus sought to establish a new path to the Spice Islands, China, Japan, and India. Rich silk and spices may have been brought back by them if they had been allowed to explore these regions. Columbus, who was aware of the round shape of the world, calculated that he would arrive at his destination by sailing westward, as opposed to some other explorers who were travelling eastward along the African coast at the time.
Columbus received the privilege to carry weapons from the Spanish monarch as payment for his priceless discovery. Her new attire complemented her traditional family with the royal cases of Castile and Leon as well as a picture of the islands. Columbus changed the layout as well, positioning the continent close to the symbolic islands. The Spanish kings had drafted a Book of Rights, a set of agreements that disclosed Columbus’s payment terms for his voyages, before his most recent visit. Four copies of the book from 1502 are known to survive. One of the Top Treasurers included in the American Treasurer’s online display of the Library of Congress is a copy used for this work.
October 12, 1792, was the first Columbus Day celebration ever recorded in American history. The celebration commemorated 300 years after Columbus’ landing and was organized by the Colombian Order, commonly known as the Society of St. Tammany. The 400th anniversary of the occasion marked Columbus Day’s debut as a recognized national holiday in the US. In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison said that Columbus was “a pioneer of progress and enlightenment” and praised the people “to be celebrated in all places celebrating the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America.” Since then, Columbus Day celebrations have been planned around the nation for community gatherings, theatre productions, and educational institutions. Notable items created for this monument include the magnificent Imre Kiralfy, ballet, Columbus and Discovery of America, and spectaculars.

The World’s Columbian Exposition, often known as the Chicago World’s Fair, was created to honor Columbus’ 400-year-old discovery of the New World. It opened for business in the summer of 1893. The worldwide Roman Catholic organization Knights of Columbus urged state legislators to designate October 12 as a national holiday in the decades that followed. On April 1, 1907, Colorado became the first nation to do so. In 1909, Columbus Day was observed as a holiday in New York, and on October 12, 1909, Governor Charles Evans Hughes of New York organized an exhibition that included the crews of two mostly Italian ships. Both the Knights of Columbus soldiers and the American communities. In 1934, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt declared October 12th, or Columbus Day, a national holiday. Columbus Day has been observed as a federal holiday since 1971, when it was declared to fall on the second Monday in October. Americans are commemorating this day with demonstrations throughout the globe.


His strategies and deeds eventually caught up with Columbus. Many locals accused Columbus of mismanagement and filed an appeal with the Spanish court. A royal officer sent by the king and queen in 1500 detained and returned Columbus and his siblings home. Columbus lost his immense reputation and dominance even though he completed his fourth and last expedition to the New World and returned to freedom. The history of the Columbus Day debate begins in the United States in the 19th century, when anti-immigrant organizations opposed the celebration due to its Catholic connotations. Native Americans and other organizations have opposed the commemoration of an event in recent decades that resulted in the establishment of American colonialism, the start of the transatlantic slave trade, and the deaths of millions of people. Native Americans were completely wiped off by the flu and smallpox, two of the many contagious illnesses introduced by European settlers. Numerous lives were also lost in the conflict between the European colonists and the Native Americans.


The New York School District is spearheading an effort to designate Columbus Day as Indigenous Day. These are the actions they did:

  • September/October: Using a variety of primary materials, including Columbus magazine, co-teachers did a thorough investigation on Columbus. Students made the decision to suggest to the school board that Indigenous Peoples’ Day be replaced with Columbus Day.
  • November: During a meeting of the school board, children who attended the school operating in 2016–2017 suggest that Indigenous Day be added to the calendar in place of Columbus Day. Voting has been delayed to provide time for public comments.
  • December: A proposal to rename the school was raised at a school board meeting. To give students more time to learn about Native Americans’ perspectives on the subject, the voting has been postponed.
  • In February, sixth students at Stafford Middle School proposed that Columbus Day be changed to Indigenous Day, expressing to the board the response they had received from Native Americans. Student support for the name change was quite positive. defeated, 5 to 2.
    Except in an increasing number of locations where Indigenous Day is being observed, today is Columbus Day. This is a depressing trend in practice. The United States has no need to commemorate Christopher Columbus’ landing in the New World. During his travels, he never set foot on the territory that would later become one of the 50 countries. His discovery did not directly contribute to the British colony that gave rise to our nation; rather, it was a representative of the Spanish crown. Since Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, Italian American immigrants used Columbus Day as a method to commemorate their newfound position in the United States. Columbus Day festivities may be discontinued with great success, since many people would not miss them, now that the Italian community in America is free of the major biases that greeted them upon arriving in the previous century.
    Election Day will become a national holiday, which will encourage eligible voters to cast ballots and bring our democracy closer to reflecting the values that our nation really upholds. We have to cease commemorating the crimes against Native Americans. Instead, we need to rejoice in our democracy and the fact that we are all entitled to work together to better our nation.

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